Esther Doyle Read

Copyright 1998
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Copyright 4 September 2000, Esther Doyle Read

New Format and Updated 15 October 2005



Union Brick Cemetery is located on Heller Hill Road, near the intersection of Heller Hill and Union Brick Roads, in Blairstown Township, Warren County, New Jersey. The turn off for Union Brick Road is north of Hope on the west side of Route 521. Follow Union Brick Road west to the intersection with Heller Hill Road and turn right (north). The cemetery is up the hill on the left (west). It is surrounded by a wrought iron fence and large trees line the periphery of the property. There are a few such trees on the interior which may be seen in the photograph to the left. The photo was taken on the morning of 26 September 2005; a day of alternate drizzle and downpour. The trees provide cool shade and lend a quiet and peaceful quality to the cemetery. It is not unusual to see deer wandering through the cemetery, particularly late in the afternoon on a hot summer day or just at twilight. This shot was taken just inside the main gate and is oriented to the south, and up the hill. The monument for Isaac and Hannah Freese and their family is at the top of hill inside a low fenced area. It is surrounded by the graves of Hannah's Read cousins.

Union Brick is one of the older cemeteries in the northern part of Warren County. It was contemporary with the cemeteries at Dark Moon, Knowlton Presbyterian Church, and Hainesburg (known then as the village of Sodom). There was once a thriving community clustered around Union Brick. It probably began shortly before the American Revolution when Jonathan Hampton began to sell farm size parcels from a 3,000 acre tract that he had purchased from William Penn much earlier in the eighteenth century. Families settling around Union Brick included the Reads, Lantermans, Ogdens, Crismans, Bescherers, Vaughans and Shackletons. The original settlers for many of these families may be found buried in the cemetery at Union Brick. Any one familiar with James P. Snell's 1881 History of Warren County, will recall that he provides a list of some the adults who were buried in the cemetery by 1880. However, the list should be considered carefully as I have noted several mistakes.

There was once a church at Union Brick and I believe that it may have been in the cemetery. Snell (1881:63) writes that the Rev. Daniel Vaughan "use to preach in the school-house, in what is now District no. 72..." Later, he lists inscriptions from the stones in the cemetery in District no. 72, which is of course the cemetery now known as Union Brick. The Rev. Daniel Vaughan is buried in Union Brick Cemetery. According to Thomas S. Griffith's 1904 History of Baptists in New Jersey (pages 90-91), Vaughan was ordained as a Baptist minister in 1785 at the Knowlton Baptist Church. Knowlton Baptist Church was formed in 1754 by settlers who had come from the Kingwood Baptist Church. Land for a meeting house was purchased on 9 August 1756 and a meeting house was erected seven years later. According to William Clinton Armstrong's 1979 Pioneer Families of Northwestern New Jersey (pages 274), the Union Brick church lot was taken from the land of Benjamimnn Luse, the father-in-law of Jaob Lanterman. Daniel Vaughan was the pastor of the church from 1785 until 1800, when the church ceased to exist. Griffith described the church as being on a high knoll in the Township of Knowlton. In the late 1700s Blairstown Township did not exist, it was then part of Knowlton Township. The cemetery at Union Brick does sit on a high knoll, which can be seen from the photograph above. This photograph is oriented to the east. I am standing near the rear fence on the west side of the cemetery. The view is up a steep hill to the highest point in the cemetery, which is located in the southeast corner. The graves on the ridge top are almost entirely those of the Read and allied families. The small cluster on the left, mid-way up the hill (with the American Flag in its midst) are graves of the Lanterman family.

An open space is visible between the Read and Lanterman graves in the center of the above photograph. It is better illustrated in the photograph to the right. In this photograph I am standing on top of the ridge next to the large pine tree. The photograph is oriented downslope toward the north. The Lanterman graves are on the left hand side of the photograph (midway down the slope) and the Reads are buried immediately to my right. After 27 years as a professional archaeologist, it is my feeling that the huge blank space in the middle of the cemetery once held a building of some sort, otherwise there would be graves in that space. The Union Brick meeting house was probably not very large. No more than 40 to 50 feet on a side. There is certainly space for a small wood structure in the open area of the cemetery.

Bob Lanterman will argue with me that the Lantermans were Presbyterians and not Baptists. They were Germans who worshiped in the Reformed Protestant tradition. He is absolutely correct. Why then would the Lanterman graves be associated with land where a Baptist meeting house was once located? The nearest Presbyterian or German Reformed church was in the village of Knowlton. Not very far from Union Brick by today's standards, but certainly not a short walk one could easily make on a Sunday. It is entirely possible that Protestant denominations other than the Baptists also used the meeting house. It was not unusual for several different denominations to agree to build a meeting house and then use it for preaching on alternating Sundays. My own home church, Springfield Presbyterian, is a case in point. The church was founded in 1835. According to the minutes for the Board of Trustees, it was initially agreed that when the church was built, the Presbyterians would have the building on the first and third Sunday of the month and the Methodists would have use of it on the other Sundays. This was a practical solution for frontier areas with low populations and little capital (or need) to build large church edifices. The people in the village of Union Brick may have come together to build a meeting house for the joint use of at least two Protestant traditions (Baptist and Reformed) and then buried their dead together on the grounds of the meeting house.

A note about the photographs and the transcriptions. The center photograph was taken on 22 November 2004 and the bottom photograph on 25 September 2005. Both were taken on gray cloudy days and do not convey the beauty of the little cemetery. The transcription is not a complete list of burials in the cemetery. It is instead, a selection of stones which were collected between June 1983 and September 2005, by Esther Doyle Read. The stones listed in the transcription are grouped by family or burial groups. Almost all the individuals in this cemetery are related either by blood or marriage. Occasionally you will see archaic eighteenth and nineteenth century spellings as "bleft" for blest or "muft" for must. The "f" in these transcriptions is as it was inscribed on the stone and should be read as an "s" sound in most cases. You will notice that I have transcriptions from stones that appear almost impossible to read in the photographs. This is probably because I did the transcriptions over 20 years ago and the stones have deteriorated badly since I first saw the stone. Most of the photographs featured here were taken in the last five years.


Copyright 4 September 2000, Esther Doyle Read

New Format and Updated 15 October 2005



K - L


Kerr, Elizabeth, In Memory of Elizabeth daughter of Ira & Phebe Kerr who died May (2)6th 1820, aged 4 months & 16 days. Elizabeth Kerr was the second child and daughter of Ira Kerr and Phebe Read. Her grandparents were Isaac Read, Sr. and Mary Shackleton. She and her brother Isaac are buried at the foot of the graves of their great-grandparents, Joseph Read and Sarah Sutton. Their parents are buried in Yellow Frame Presbyterian Church Cemetery.


Kerr, Isaac H., In Memory of Isaac H. Kerr son of Ira & Phebe Kerr who died Aug 30th 1823, aged 2 years & 25 days. Isaac Kerr was the third child and first son of Ira Kerr and Phebe Read. He was probably named after his maternal grandfather Isaac Read, Sr. His maternal grandmother was Mary Shackleton (Isaac and Mary are buried in Union Brick) Baby Isaac and his sister Elizabeth are buried at the foot of the graves of their great-grandparents, Joseph Read and Sarah Sutton. Their parents are buried in Yellow Frame Presbyterian Church Cemetery.


Kerr, Lydia, see Henry Freeman. Maiden name is not given on the stone.


Kinney, Maria Catherine, see John L. Messler. Maiden name is not given on the stone.


Kirkpatrick, Mary, see Joseph Read. Maiden name is not given on the stone.


Lamonte, Julia, see Theodore Haggerty.


Lanterman, Abraham. Sacred to the Memory of Abraham Lanterman who departed this life Jan. 3rd 1829 aged 71 years and 10 months. My friend you pass the lonesome place, And with a sigh move slow along, Still gazing on the spires of grass, With which my grave is overgrown. Abraham Lanterman was the tenth child of the thirteen children of Johan Peter Lanterman and Elizabeth Petersen. He was married twice. First to Sarah Ogden, daughter of Gabriel Ogden and Mary Shotwell; and second to Catherine Snyder. Sarah is buried with Abraham, Catherine's burial place is unknown.


Lanterman, Sarah. In Memory of Sarah wife of Abraham Lanterman: who died July 9th 1817 aged 63 years, 1 month & 8 days. Go home my friends & shed no tears, I must be here till Christ appears, Then burst my grave in sweet surprise, And in my Saviors image rise. Sarah Lanterman was a daughter of Gabriel Ogden and Mary Shotwell. Her father's farm was located across the road from Union Brick Cemetery. There were 14 children in the Ogden family. Sarah was the eldest daughter and child.


Lanterman, Jacob. In Memory of Jacob Lanterman who died Oct 13th 1829, aged 78 years, 3 months, 12 days. Jacob Lanterman was the seventh child of the thirteen children of Johan Peter Lanterman and Elizabeth Petersen. He married Mercy Luse, daughter of Benjamin Luse.


Lanterman, Mercy. In Memory of Mercy wife of Jacob Lanterman who died April 18th 1815, aged 53 years, 6 months & 3 days. Draw near my friends and shed a tear, A sister mortal moulders here, The sentence read on all who are born, For dust ye are, to dust return. Foot stone: M.L. 1815. Mercy Lanterman was the daughter of Benjamin Luse. Her father owned the land from which the Union Brick Church lot was taken.


Lanterman, John. Small plaque with DAR seal. Revolutionary Soldier Johan Peter Lanterman placed by Lanterman descendants. DAR Revolutionary War flag placed by grave


Lanterman, John. JL. Here lies the Remains of John Lanterman who departed this life 1794. In the 80th year of his age. Text: Thou hast come To Thy grave in a Full age like as a Shock of corn cometh in, in his season. Job 5th Chapt 26 V. Foot stone: weathered. John Lanterman was born in Wurtemberg in what is now the country of Germany. He was named Johan Peter Lanterman at birth. He arrived in Philadelphia in the colony of Pennsylvania in 1738. He married Elizabeth Petersen and eventually settled in Union Brick in the colony of New Jersey.


Lanterman, Elisabeth. EL. Here lays the remains of Elisabeth Lanterman who departed this life on November 30th 1798. Aged 70 years and 5 months. Foot stone: E. Lanterman 1798. Elizabeth Petersen married John Lanterman by 1740. She and John had 13 children together: John, Mary, Anna, Daniel, Christina (died as a baby), Peter, Jacob, Isaac, Sophia, Abraham, Elizabeth, Christina and Sarah.


Loller, Margaret A., see Martin F. Read.


Luse, Mercy, see Jacob Lanterman. Maiden name is not given on the stone.